Biochar Articles and Research Papers
Bibliography of Biochar Research Papers
For those interested in scientific research, the International Biochar Initiative maintains a comprehensive list of biochar research papers here.
For General Reading
Black is the New Green
An article published in Nature on August 10, 2006, gives a basic overview of the origins of biochar more than 2000 years ago in the Amazon basin, and talks about the possibility of this approach to maintain soil fertility becoming widely adopted today.
A Handful of Carbon
Johannes Lehmann, an agricultural scientist from Cornell University and leading biochar researcher, writes about the possibility of biochar to be used as a long term carbon sink in this Science article published on May 10, 2007.
Black Soil, Green Rice
Stephan M. Haefele, a senior agronomist with the International Rice Research Institute, has written this interesting article about the possibilities of incorporating biochar in rice paddies, published in the April-June issue of Rice Today.
Scientific Research Articles
Johannes Lehmann's List of Publications
This is an excellent resource for a variety of scientific papers on biochar.
Johannes Lehmann's List of Publications
NSW DPI Biochar Science and Reseach
Biochar Projects and Publications undertaken by the New South Wales Department of Primary Industries
NSW DPI Biochar Projects and Publications
Flux Farm Biochar Literature Reviews
A list of biochar research papers compiled by Flux Farm
Biochar Literature Reviews
Bio-Char Soil Management on Highly Weathered Soils in the Humid Tropics
By Johannes Lehmann of Cornell University, New York, USA and Marco Rondon of the International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT), Colombia.
Biochar Sequestration in Terrestrial Ecosystems - A Review
By Johannes Lehmann, Department of Crop and Soil Sciences, College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Cornell University; John Gaunt, GY Associates Ltd.; and Marco Rondon, Climate Change Program, Centro Internacional de Agricultura Tropical (CIAT), Cali, Colombia
Mycorrhizal Responses to Biochar in Soil ? Concepts and Mechanisms
By Daniel D. Warnock, Microbial Ecology Program, Division of Biological Sciences, University of Montana; Johannes Lehmann, Department of Crop and Soil Sciences, Cornell University; Thomas W. Kuyper, Department of Soil Quality, Wageningen University; and Matthias C. Rillig, Institut für Biologie, Freie Universität Berlin
Nutrient availability and leaching in an archaeological Anthrosol and a Ferralsol of the Central Amazon basin: fertilizer, manure and charcoal amendments
By Johannes Lehmann, Cornell University, Jose Pereira da Silva Jr., Embrapa Amazônia Ocidental, and Christoph Steiner, Thomas Nehls,
Wolfgang Zech & Bruno Glaser of the Institute of Soil Science and Soil Geography, University of Bayreuth
Black Carbon Increases Cation Exchange Capacity in Soils
B. Liang, J. Lehmann, D. Solomon, J. Kinyangi, J. Grossman, B. O?Neill, J. O. Skjemstad, J. Thies, F. J. Luizao, J. Petersen, and E. G. Neves
Radiative Forcing Potention of Different Climate Geoengineering Options
A comprehensive assessment of the climate cooling potential of different geoengineering schemes has been conducted by researchers at the University of East Anglia (UEA). Biochar and reforestation may offer better global cooling potential than ocean fertilization.
Prehistorically modified soils of central Amazonia: a model for sustainable agriculture in the twenty-first century
Glaser, B. (2007). Prehistorically modified soils of central Amazonia: a model for sustainable agriculture in the twenty-first century. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B-Biological Sciences 362, 187-196.
The Terra Preta phenomenon: a model for sustainable agriculture in the humid tropics
Glaser, B., Haumaier, L., Guggenberger, G., and Zech, W. (2001). The Terra Preta phenomenon: a model for sustainable agriculture in the humid tropics. Naturwissenschaften 88, 37-41.
Ameliorating physical and chemical properties of highly weathered soils in the tropics with charcoal - a review
Glaser, B., Lehmann, J., and Zech, W. (2002). Ameliorating physical and chemical properties of highly weathered soils in the tropics with charcoal - a review. Biology and Fertility of Soils 35, 219-230
Biochar is carbon negative
Glaser, B., Parr, M., Braun, C., and Kopolo, G. (2009). Biochar is carbon negative. Nature Geoscience 2, 2.
Soil Organic Carbon Sequestration Potential for Agriculture in NSW
Chan KY, Cowie A, Kelly G, Singh BP, Slavich P (2008) Scoping Paper: Soil Organic Carbon Sequestration Potential for Agriculture in NSW. NSW DPI Science & Research Technical paper. Soil Organic Carbon Sequestration Potential for Agriculture in NSW